Places to see in Chandigarh
Chandigarh is well known city in India. It is also known as ‘City beautiful’. It was designed by French person 'LE CORBOUSIER'. It was dream of our First Prime Minister 'PanditJawaharLal Nehru'. It was the first planned city with urban and modern architecture. 'Open Hand' is the symbol of Chandigarh.
Chandigarh derived its name from 'ChandiMandir'. The deity 'Chandi' means the Goddess of power, Garh means Fort that lying beyond the Chandi temple. Chandigarh is situated in the foothills of shivalik. The foundation stone was laid in 1952. It’s a union territory under direct control of Centre Government. Now Chandigarh is also known as a capital of Punjab and Haryana.
The city is planned in many sections like, residential, commercial and industrial area. It was planned by architect Le Corbusier with the help of his cousin Pierre Jeanneret. Along with that many Indian architect Narinder S Lamba and J C Verma. They also contributed to build this city.
Culture: Chandigarh is multi cultured city. People are from different cultures and tradition. Punjabi, Hindi and English are the main languages spoken by the city people.
Climate: The climate of Chandigarh is dry. Western monsoon, hot summers and bracing winters. There are four seasons: Summer or hot season is from mid-march to june. july to mid-September is monsoon season. Post monsoon or transition period is from mid-September to the beginning of November from November to Mid-march is the winter season. May and June are the hottest months of the year with maximum temp. 45 C and minimum temp is 26 C. the coldest months of the year is December and January with maximum temp. 25 C and minimum temp. Is 3 C. The average annual rainfall in the city is 1110.7mm
Places to Visit
Rock garden, Sukhna Lake, Rose Garden, Botanical garden, Leisure valley, Terrace garden, Boungainvillea garden, Shanti kunj, Children traffic Park, Museum and art gallery, International Doll museum, National gallery of portraits, Science museum.It is unique and world famous fantasy in the city. It is situated in the forest area having its own charm and grace for the tourists. It is built from the household and industrial waste and garbage. There is an images made of waste and cement. Images are made of broken household things. This creator of rock garden is SH. Nek Chand. He is from district gurdaspur in Punjab province. He was a labourer in PWD deptt. After that he promoted as a road inspector in Chandigarh. His interest made him to pick waste material. Then he started visit industries to pick the waste, and collected raw cement, broken china clay, and broken household waste. He dropped this waste in the vacant forest area (where now this unique creation is build) through trucks, almost ten to twelve year he worked hard for it alone. After that Government noticed it and giving recognition. Twelve acre area is allotted to the rock garden. Now it is under Chandigarh tourism board (CITCO).
It is situated in the southern part of the city with mountains and forest in its background. Sukhna Lake is 3km long lake and was contructed in1958 by damming the sukhnachoe, coming down from shivalik hills. It is also a centre of activity for the residents of chandigarh. There is a jogging trekking area for the health conscious people of the chandigarh. It is place where family can enjoy a picnic and Boating and rafting for the adventure seekers. There is a Lake Club on the side of the lake premises. The Lake Club management provides facilities like water sports and recreational activities. Sukhna Lake also attracts migratory birds from different parts of world.
ZakirHussain Rose Garden is situated in sector-16. It is near to the city centre. It is Asia’s Largest Rose garden. There is more than 1600 species of roses in the garden. It is planted in the beautiful lawns and Flower beds. It is spread over 30 acres of area. At the end of the February or the beginning of the March there is a festival in the garden known as Rose Festival. Lots of competition, cultural shows and many more events celebrated in this festival.
Botanical Garden: There are two Botanical garden in the city. One is in Panjab University and other one is in sector-1 near to SukhnaLake and Rock Garden. In Panjab University there are evergreen and exotic plants, where as in sector-1 garden, it is spread over 88 acres of areas. There are very rare species of plants as well as small pools in this garden
It is located in sector-10; Spread over 20 acres of area. The annual Bougainvillea show held in this garden.
It is also called Garden of fragrance. Some of the fragnant plants found here like, Raatki Rani, Motia, Champa, HaarShingar, Mehendi, Jasmine etc. Jogging treks have been laid here. People usually came here for exercise and yoga.
It was set up in 1979. Situated in sector-33. Garden spread over the 10 acres of area. It has exquisite varities of plants. The lighted musical fountain is the main attraction of the garden where popular folk songs as well as films are played. The annual Chrysanthemum Show held in Terraced Garden. People frequently visit the garden for walk and enjoy fresh breeze.
It is situated in the Sector-3, spread over 20 acres. The garden contains hundreds of varities of boungainvillea flowers It was set up in 1976. Jogging treks and complete exercise area are lying here for the fitness seekers. Annual Bougainvillea Show held here.
It is situated in very peaceful and free from noise and pollution. It is situated between the Rose garden and Cricket stadium sector-16. It is also known as ‘Abode of Peace’. It is good place of meditation and there is a lot of varities of medicinal plants in the garden.
It is a place where small children know about driving, they are safe from high speeding vehicles and get to know about the traffic rules and regulations. There is a laid out of Roads, Signals and all intersections which are in the city. It is equipped with all types of sign boards. The main aim of this park is to teach them to use road safety. It is under the control of Chandigarh Traffic Police.
It is located in sector-10. It is a very famous tourist attraction. It has a stone sculpture of Gandhara period. It was set up in year 1968. It is also designed by Le Corbusier. It is also a place where you can find Gandhara sculpture, Fossils, Pre Historic architecture, Miniature paintings, Historic coins, Hindu Sculptures etc. It is closed on Monday only. It has a spacious library to know about the scholors and intellectual.
It is located in the BalBhavan sector-23. Dolls and Puppets from all over the world gathered here. It was establish in 24th dec.1985 with the collaboration of Rotary Club Chandigarh. It is like an amusement park for children. There is an open theater here. More than 250 different types of Dolls are gathered here from the countries like; Russia, Germany, Netherland, Korea and Spain etc.
It is establish on 11th Sep, 1977. It is located in sector 17. There are portraits of Freedom Fighters, recordinge of Independence movement. It contains more than 1050 photographs, original writings, and sculpture. More than 1000 books related to the Indian freedom kept in the library.
It is in sector-10. It was establish in 14th august, 1973. An awesome museum that reminds you the History from the beginning of the Indus Valley Civilization. It is an appropriate place for those who have an interest in evolutionary studies. It has a paintings, sculptures on the origin of man also depicts the origin of earth.
Religious places in and around Chandigarh: Chandidevi temple, Jayanti devi temple, Ancient Shiv temple, Mansa devi temple, Nainadevi temple, Gurudwara nadha sahib, Anandpur sahib or takhtsrikeshgarh sahib, Gurudwara dukh nivaran sahib.
The Chandimata temple is located at the distance of about 15 km from the city. Chandi temple is dedicated to Chandi, Goddess of power, it is also known siddhpeeth, where wishes comes true. The city named from this temple Chandigarh. During navratras there is a thousand of devoties visit the temple to fulfiltheir wishes.
It is located at the distance of 12 km from the city. The pindi of devi brought from the Kangra in Himachal Pradesh where actual the ancient temple situated. This temple is built on the bank of river jayanti between shivalik hills.
It is located at the distance of 15 km from the city and 5 km from Mansa devi temple. It is also known as Saketri Temple. There is a big festival in the temple on the sacred day of Shivratri.
It is located in the Panchkula just 10 km from Chandigarh. There are two parts of the temple old and new. Old temple was built by Maharaja of Patiala. In the time of Navratras the fair held in the surroundings of temple.
It is situated in Panchkula on the bank of Ghagharriver. It is located from the distance of 15 km from the city. After the battle with Mughals, Guru Gobindsingh along with his fellow sikh warriors they stayed over there, when they came back. Here they got a warm welcome by Nadu shah. He was Guru gobindsinghji’s follower. Guru ji blessed Nadu Shah from his service this place will be famous by the name of Nadha Sahib. Lakhs of worshippers visit gurdwara on the full moon day (poornmashi) of every month.
It is situated in Mohali district. Just 5 km from Chandigarh. It is famous for mango tree that bears the fruit even in winter season. In 1659, Guru HarRai, seventh guru of Sikhs visit here to meet their follower, BhaiKooram. The fruit which bears in winter that is distributed in sangat as prashad. The fair is held on the occasion of sankrant that falls in the month of January.
Distance from nearby major places: